Architecture - The ideal interior

This post is about my personal experience and opinion about Architecture, how I want my space to be designed, allocated and be used.

Reasons why I love these types of space:


Humans are social beings

Common Room Area

This is very critical. Human being are very sociable creatures; they cannot survive by living alone, instead need someone else in order to experience the exchange of communication and sharing of emotion. Hence within the Architecture, it is very important to add a space where exchange of communication takes place and people can gather and meet up and talk to each other.

In Korea, majority of the people meet up and gather around in a cafeteria in order to hang out and socialise with other people. So I thought it will be very interesting and desirable to include a space which resembles an atmosphere of a cafeteria inside an apartment so people can gather around and hang out and chill. At this point, it is critical to design a space which forces the people to enter this area no matter what. In other words, this cafeteria space must be a space where it must be walked through in order to exit the building or entering your room.

There are few examples which I believe provide good ideas for a cafeteria. Furniture is definitely the most definite aspect of the interior which determines the atmosphere (even the purpose) of the interior. Since my aim is to focus and create an environment which resembles a cafeteria, I realised there are two main furnitures which plays a critical role: the centre table which acts like an dinner table (and at the same time as working - laptop, coffee, read book - area) and the table space along the window side. 

People love (pretending) to study in a cafeteria due to large number of reasons: for their self-esteem, to create an excuse that they have done some work, or it feels extremely good (or cool) just to study in cafรฉs. With exception of few people, large number of people will find it difficult to study in a quite space and concentrate for a long duration of a time. Hence by giving people the space people wants to study, right in front of their doorstep will create an optimistic result in peopleโ€™s production, and especially their mental health (at least to my mental health).

Key Interiors: Library, Cafeteria

BBC Scotland at Pacific Quay, Glasgow is one of the great examples that illustrates my idea of having an area of communication right in the centre (or in a place where it is publicly inevitable) so that people can gather and hang out without much of an effort. These areas look very desirable to enter and dwell, and that's one of the most important trait in interior as well.


CASE STUDY: ์‹ ์ดŒ ํ• ๋ฆฌ์Šค ์ปคํ”ผ (HOLLY'S COFFEE, SHINCHON)

Below is a HOLLY's COFFEE cafรฉ in Seoul, Sinchon. This place provided me the main source of inspiration for my Architecture idea and allowed me to visualise the internal rendering of my ideal interior. 

Starting from the 4th picture, after coming down from the stairways is the place where people gather around and chill (like a common room in a dorm (The common room must need a centre table and the table alongside the windows where people can both share or work in private space). This case study have provided me a good reflection on how the interior should look like if it were to be built.

Interior without Walls

The second thing that I love in Architecture is an interior with floating walls. The title may be very provoking, but unfortunately enough I have a strong desire where my architecture should not have any walls inside the building, or have an interior that is very flexible and able to shift its allocation of space differently according the user in the space with ease. I found the ability to change distribution of space is very attractive and necessary.

This have always provoked the issue of privacy, and many of my acquaintances have expressed their opinion rejecting this statement. However I believe this is very attractive form of interior design and I believe there will be people who supports this design statement.

Interior without Wall does not mean there is no privacy. There will be definite distinction between each boundary of spaces and people will have privacy in between the spaces. However the thing that I am focusing on is the distribution of space and different allocation of public space between the people who share in the building.



There was one example which I thought had very attractive interior construction design and that was ์ „์ฃผ ์•ผ์ฑ„ ์‹œ์žฅ. I was fortunate enough to stumble on a vegetable market (the market was huge) as there was one huge building that seemed to be abandoned and inside the building - but inside were large number of different vegetable shops. Each shops were aligned next to each other and the display area of the vegetable product were visually seen (and also allocated next to each other). But there was one thing that was critical to this scene and that was the scenery of an owner of one vegetable shop was watching a TV in a display area as if it was his living room (See 3rd Image). 

I found this somehow very attractive use of space - the fact that someone else can see you what you are doing and share with someone else seemed to be very interesting feeling to have as an owner of that space. 

I think the reason why I feel this space is attractive is because if you are able to share certain parts of your own private space (Not entirely though), and this arouses an emotion of connectivity between your neighbours - the interior design forces you to compare your own space with others and see how their space look like and feel this unusual sensation of able to see space of other people's life.

As an extrovert of myself, I love the share my space, and my story with other people; Mentally, I feel more connected and secured when my space is shared with other people and I think this will play a critical role in shaping the human interaction and creation of relationship with other people.



Application of 1.5th floor(๋ณต์ธต)

The unique distribution of floors seems to create an interesting allocation of space as well. When I was in Chicago, the use of loft space was an interesting option, but I believe we could play with the space more creatively.

While distinguishing each floor with clear distinction of floors could be a good idea, if the building was one huge space, it could be more desirable to create a space which plays with the floors.

On the left is an interior scene in House NA by Sou Fujimoto Architects. This interior clearly elaborate the potential and the beauty of the unique flooring effect inside the building.


Due to different allocation of floors, we are able to see internal view of the parts / sections of the floor. This visual availability does not strictly segregate a space with the other, allow people to feel connection between one space with the other. The building itself feels like one big room where small bits of interiors are related with each other and interconnected.

The variety of flooring of this interior also seems provide a playful aspect to the children. Space which acts like a 'playground' where a child can play also provide a sense of adventure to the adult users of the building. Seriously, the building looks like a jungle. Who never had a desire to climbing up a tree when they are young?

Having the transparency also relates closely to the architecture example that I mentioned previously above. Though it could be just my personal preference, I really do like the idea where all the rooms and spaces are connected together and able to access them in a playful manner.



Space inside a Space

Room inside a Room, office inside an office, dorm inside a dorm and building inside a building. This sense of creating a small environment inside a constricted environment (building) seems to be very interesting approach to interior design. There are already large number of Architectures which integrated this design system and majority of this interior style are seen in offices (and schools sometimes).


Left is 9GAG Office by LAAB Architects. The offices of 9GAG Studio clearly have good example of having a room in a room.

Transparency (Again)

We can see that majority of the walls for the small space are constructed with transparent material hence the view inside can be view and seen. This example illustrates a similar traits with the interior explanation that I did with Jeon-Ju case study, where the sharing of one's space creates a very intimate relationship between each people and space.

This interior style is very closely related to the interior idea 'Interior without Walls' as they both share many common element of interior design:

  • Share of space and life;
  • Allow communication between people;
  • Part/ Section of one's private space is shared;



Small Space (small OP)

People are overly excessive in terms of space they occupy and use - the beauty of efficient usage of space is lost and majority thinks bigger space give enhances and improve emotional experience of use of space.

However, I think that is incorrect since small space provides more control in the space which is given to a person.

The beauty is the efficient use of space where no piece of space is being wasted.


Many of the traits that I illustrated above all comes down to the conclusion: buildings for human. And if I were to summarise this whole post into one single vocabulary, it will be: sharing. Human must interact, communicate and share their message, emotion etc with other people in order to live. I believe the design of the architecture really need to support and reinforce the this purpose, allowing the people to engage and create a relationship to create a better social environment.



iOS History of my Apple devices

Electronic gadgets that I started to collect since 2013 has been more than just a tool that aided me to work better - it was also an iconic representation of a computer revolution which and remnant of a soul of Steve Jobs, an individual who marked a significant dent in history of mankind.

Since I give the gadgets more than just a mere recognition as a tool, it is my nature to give a special meaning to something that I felt special about. The iPad, iPhone and MacBook Pro that I have (right now) are the main examples that I feel deep emotional connections with the gadgets.

Because of all of this, choosing suitable background for my devices was (and is still) one of the most difficult decision that I take when customising my devices. You can think that it is bit too much to think like that, however strangely for me, organising the devices the way that satisfied me was never too much.

Somewhere around the May of 2015, I decided to change my background for my iPad and iPhone 5s, something that can be inspirational and I can be satisfied with. After researching and twitching bit by bit with Adobe illustrator, I was finally be able to pull off few of the background images that I can use for my devices. But before I jump into the conclusion, I want to share with you my history of my Apple devices and the background images for my devices.



iPod touch 4th Generation

The 4th Generation iPod touch was the very first Apple device that I was able to get it on my hands. I still remember asking my dad for the music play which I though was insane - I never knew touch interfaced can work extremely smoothly on such small devices.

After pleading to get one, I was finally able to own it and it was the one of the most memorable thing that I experienced in my teens.

I cannot remember where I got the background images for my iPod Touch, but I am still using this wallpaper since I started using them.

iPod Touch 4th Generation - This is my first Apple device that owned

iPod Touch 4th Generation - Home Screen


MacBook Pro (15-inch Fall 2012)

When I first got to Chicago for my School, I and given a 15-inch MacBook Pro for me to use - it was a mandatory policy. I remember at that time I didn't really know the significance of the history of the Apple company (honestly, I didn't even know who Steve Jobs was and didn't even know Apple existed). It was very first moment for me to experience the Macintosh OS. 

I personally think the fact that I received a MacBook Pro and had an opportunity to play with the device was one of the most revolutionary turning point in my life. Now, I don't think I can ever turn back to using Windows again - translating from Windows to OS X was like shifting from Gameboy to Nintendo. It was really an amazing experience (though it took me some time to get use to it). However, if I were to be able to choose my computer again, I would probably go for an iMac.

There are no specific Wallpaper image that I used for my MacBook Pro since I used the default OS X wallpaper for each OS version. I am currently using OS X El-Capitan Public Beta Version (August 2015).



iPhone 5s

After realising the philosophy and the history behind the Apple products and the company, I realised that owning an Apple device was no longer just owning a simple, ordinary electronics that you can use and throw it away once you are done with it. The insane philosophy that Jobs illustrated overwhelmed me and made me want to get an Apple device for my mobile tool. At that time, I was using an Galaxy S3 and I never felt so great of switching my phone.


iPhone 5s Default Background

Almost all of the original iOS Background that comes with the devices are slick, well captured and integrated with nature (strange isn't it?). I personally think the default backgrounds are pretty decent for users (including me) to use them for quite a while, however there's one factor that ultimately set my mind to change it: the fact that my iPhone looks the same compared to other iPhone users.

I think this desire to become unique compared to other iPhone users plays critical role in customising my background away from the default image.


iPhone 5s Customised Wallpaper Ver. 1

When changing my wallpaper for my iPhone was very time consuming and difficult decision that I went through. Due to my desire for perfection, I wanted 'the wallpaper' for my iPhone - a wallpaper that is perfect and I won't change them forever (or at least for quite a while).

I realised the minimalism are the design style that I loved, hence I decided to search for Background image that captures the sense of minimalism. While searching for the background image on the web, I came across few iPad images with minimal vector illustrations on the site called 'The Verge'. From there, I got few names of the Artists who created the wallpaper for the iPad and iPhone and decided to utilise them for my wallpaper.

The image on the right are the iPhone screen with the background image that I used for more than a year. This wallpaper was the one of wallpaper image that I loved to use.


iPhone 5s Customised Wallpaper Ver. 2

I realised that human beings can never be satisfied with something forever.

After using the first customised wallpaper for more than a year, I started to feel that I need a change for my wallpaper. The wallpaper started to feel mundane, archaic and frustrating. The vibrant red colour for my iPhone background started to become uncomfortable to my eyes, pouring more desire to change the wallpaper to something new. Though, if I see the wallpaper now, I have the sense of nostalgia, however I realised it was time to advance to new background platform.

I still wanted to have the the sense of minimalism with my iPhone and I still loved the triangular vector illustrations. Hence I decided to use different colour scheme for my iPhone wallpaper, while all the other factors of vector illustration remains the same. 

I started to search the web, looking up the google photos which might have the image that I love, however none of the images that I found were satisfying. Hence I decided to do something that I have never done before: to create a vector image myself.

Using Adobe illustrator, I experimented different colour scheme for my triangular vector illustration. And amazingly enough, I was able to pull off few satisfying background images that I might use for my iPhone and iPad as well.

The image on the left is the background image that I created which I decided to use for my iPhone background. I am very satisfied with the background, and hope to use them for a quite a long period of time as well.

Notice: The Japanese language setting for my iPhone devices is intentional as I am currently learning Japanese. I wanted to familiarise with the language more, hence I set my language for my phone to Japanese.


iPad Air

An iPod, an iPhone, a MacBook Pro. It is obvious that I wanted to complete the Apple line-up. No, I am just kidding. I still remember the time of thinking of getting a tablet, and the main reason for the tablet was due to the books that I wanted to read. I wanted to read a lot however assuming the number of the books that I will have, I realised that I won't be able to carry them all to states. Plus it probably have took up a lot space in my house. Hence an eBook reader was my next choices for my devices, and Apple just launched its iPad Air.

After owning the device, I realised that the Air was not only a perfect device for reading, but it was perfect for watching video contents both online and offline. Seriously, I never realised that able to choose Apps from such a large ecosystem was such a privilege. I never knew iPad could download this many Apps.


iPad Air Default Background

Similar to iPhone 5s, iPad air's default background wallpaper was satisfying. However it was true that the image was seen almost everywhere (especially on advertisements) which reduced the uniqueness of the wallpaper. It didn't take me long to change the wallpaper into a new one.


iPad Air Wallpaper Ver. 2

As you can see, the wallpaper that I used for the iPad is same as the wallpaper that I used for iPhone. This was because I wanted to emphasise that the products were closely linked or rather connected each other instead of being played individually.

The wallpaper itself seemed to be well designed for iPad wallpaper as I remember that the original image was purposely made for iPad use.

I think TheVerge played a big role in helping me choose the type of wallpaper for all of my Apple devices as the Verge continuously illustrated the usage of iPad with the wallpaper of the style.


iPad Air Wallpaper Ver. 3

While creating few wallpaper images for my iPhone, I wanted to set my wallpaper for my iPad different from the iPhone. Since there were few decent vector illustrations that I was satisfied, I decided to set the the wallpaper image fit with the season that I was in (Summer in this case). Hopefully I would be able to change the wallpaper for every season changed.

The wallpaper itself is pretty satisfying for me except that the brightness seems to be bit dark, or unsaturated. Apart from that I personally think the wallpaper have done a pretty good job in capturing the flat and minimalist design style.


2015. What next? 

In year 2015, Apple have already launched, both visually and functionally, amazing products on its line, maintaining the status as a harbinger of consumer electronics. iPad Air 2, the new MacBook and Apple Watch. All of these devices have starting to make some moves to influence the way we live and interact with the world.

I personally think that I will probably buy Apple Watch in the future. As I mentioned in the post in the past, I still don't know the significant reason why I would need a $300 watch which could do more than reading the time. But I know I would buy one, one day.

I would probably buy an iMac for sure, in order to replace my workplace device. After adopting an SSD for my hard drive and an upgrade for my RAM, my old MacBook Pro still does it's job pretty well (it is seriously surprising to see that the computer still works fine after all those disgustingly harsh renders for my 3D studies). But I know for sure, for the same price, I will get an iMac for all my mainstream design and studio works. I believe this kind of heavy work should be done on a desktop computer, not a laptop. Plus I don't really need to (and want to) carry around my MacBook Pro for me to work.

Due to the reason for my desire for an iMac, I would probably not get a new MacBook, since I think it is completely unnecessary for me to own it. Seriously, I would buy an iMac instead.

Finally, I also do wish some upgrade for my mobile device, mainly because of the ability of Apple pay. I think the ability to pay for product and manage the bills electronically looks very elegant and addictive. I know for sure that once I get the taste of mobile payment such as Apple pay, I will never, ever will get back to using my cash money and perhaps my credit cards.

Thoughts :: Apple Watch


On September 17th, 2014, Apple has announced a new line-up product - a long rumored product which was long waited by large number of people. I, too, waited for Apple watch to be announced and waited for the history of Apple to take place. And when Apple did release their product, I had mixed feelings.

Before I start, I want to say that I love Apple - their philosophy of emphasizing the marriage of liberal arts and technology, the ability to realize the most important thing is making a great products, while everything else is secondry and the way they are changing the world. It is the philosophy that people who take things seriously and who are not just bluffers. I love the culture and philosophy that they created - they know the priority and what really matters.

However, as I first looked at the Apple Watch, I had mixed feelings. Of course, I have not yet tried and interacted with the Apple Watch, hence I can only give review of what I 'saw'. Perhaps, I might change my mind after interacting with it. But the first honest feeling was that I was somehow 'not exciting'.

Honestly, I felt something was incomplete - something was missing to put it more precisely.

Why should I buy the Apple Watch?

We currently have no clue why we should buy a Smart Watch...yet.

When I first saw the Apple Watch I was delighted (and excited as well) and the reason being is because I thought Apple could solve and fix the problem which the current smart watch had - the absence of the reasons why we need a Smart Watch. Unfortunately, Apple didn't quite do that. 


The design and the ergonomics of the Watch is, honestly speaking, bewildering and uncomfortable. Square-shaped screen could be suited for declaring that this watch is different from traditional watches, which are rounded shape. However, I think the main problem of this design approach is that other smart watches are square-shaped as well, and it has been convinced to the user that the square-shaped screen for smart watches are not that effective and not aesthetically beautiful (for majority of watches). Therefore following the trails of existing smart watch seems to be bit blinded for Apple in my honest opinion. Perhaps the reason for this could be because I've already seen Moto 360 before Apple Watch - as frankly speaking, the Moto 360 looks much more aesthetic and cool in terms of the exterior shape than any other smart watches (mainly square-shaped). But I did get a weird feeling when I saw the Apple Watch on Tim Cook's wrist - it did look pretty good on a wrist at least.

The Digital Crown

Straight to the point, adding a digital crown the watch seems like Apple is trying to be Blackberry. Would you really want a physical keyboard on your Phone?


When Apple first introduced the Digital Crown, I was very, very confused. Mainly because I don't know I need that on the Watch. Many people became really wild when Steve Jobs first introduced a phone without a keyboard, but with a touch screen. People went nuts. The introduction of touch screen was one of the most innovative approach that Apple made with their phones. And I think the reason why people were so enthusiastic was because the way we could interact with the phone was revolutionary - Steve Jobs allowed us to use the phone in such organic and naturalist manner, it became really personal - it felt as if I was using an analogue material in a digital manner.

I believe allowing the users to use their hands, which is the most effective tool that we are born with, has an effect which enhances the experiences that the user take approach their devices. It allows the user to interact in a very natural manner. Using hands as our interactive method have proved that going back to primitive interactive method is not crude. We love using our hands - we use them to create, to manipulate, to develop, to interact and other creative activities. And for the past millennium, it has proven that our own hands are the best tool we ever had. It is our most fundamental yet intimate interactive method we have and if a device allows the user to interact with them with our best tools, it is obvious that people will experience UI in such high level of intimacy. 

Absence of the purpose

As Apple kept explaining their product, I started to feel confused - well actually, unsure of why I should buy this Watch. Looking at the Apple's previous product line-ups, you straight away know why you need that product. Apple have always done a fabulous job in explaining the consumers (including me) why I should buy the product. If you take an iPhone for example, Apple have effectively explained why you should buy the phone - the new touchpad allows you to navigate your phone in a such revolutionary and effective way that the process of navigation has become organic (as if you are scrolling through the paper) and the ability to download and install your own application that you want so that the phone become personal - this becomes a phone that you are comfortable with. When you saw an iPhone you could clearly see and identify the difference between other smartphones that was released at the same time. You knew that this phone is different and you want it. However, it seemed that this time, Apple didn't quite do that.

This absence of the purpose of the product clearly made me dubious on the reasons why I should buy the product. Leading me to ask myself, 'Do I really need this watch?' and 'If I did buy the Watch, what am I suppose to use it for?' This problem seemed to be not only limited to the Apple Watch but to other smart watches as well. 

We already have our iPhones to tell us the time

Considering the functionality of the Apple Watch, it is true that we already have our phones (and we are use to using our phones) to check the time. We no longer need additional devices to aid us to see the time wherever we are. Actually, in that case carrying the iPhone is much more efficient. In my personal opinion, I won't even bring my watch outside with me since I already have my phone so that I can check the time and the watch become just a burden to me. Unless, the UI of the clock interface overwhelms the watch time experience.

This ambiguity of why we need to have or at least pay quite a sum of money for an Apple Watch is definitely a big reason stopping stone for us from getting any smart watches in the market. Even if the watch is considered an 'accessories' for a phone, do you seriously want to pay over $300 for an iPhone accessory?


Notifications could be annoying sometimes and I think bombarding them by with our watches as well might not be a good solution. Effective notification has been researched thoroughly by numerous companies. Yet majority of the notification can still become bothersome and annoying even though it have improved dramatically since from the beginning. 

Being able to see and interact with the notifications on a watch seems to have 50% chance of being great or bad. Yes, you might not have to bring up your phone to look at the notifications if you have the watch, but judging from the watch demo, the Apple Watch seems to be quite difficult to interact with. Dictations seem to be a huge step forward and if Apple Watch can create an interesting and fun way to interact with the notification, I think that could be a big point for Apple.

Health Tracking

I read an article in the Verge that Apple was unfortunate that they were not able to create an advanced Health Tracking device due to limitation of current technology. This implies that Apple's intention for the Apple Watch was to focus the device as a Health Tracking device. This is actually promising in my opinion if they were actually able to achieve the advanced Health Tracking technology by overcoming the technological limitations. Then I might actually have second thought on purchasing the devices, but right now, I might wait for the release of the next Apple Watch series.

In my personal opinion Apple knew these problems as well, hence tried to fix this problem by placing this product behind the curtain named 'Fashion icon'. However, there are clear distinction and difference between the purpose of a Fashion item and an technology device. There is actually a great essay you might be interest about the naรฏve approach of Tech giants and the distinction between the Tech World and Fashion. I might be wrong, but that was the implication that I got.


Again, since I have not seen the watch and not have interacted with it, I won't make any decisive opinion on Apple Watch. However, judging from the demo, the overall watch experience wasn't that exciting in the first glance. While writing this essay, I had mixed feelings. Because while researching and thinking deeply about the Apple Watch, I actually felt Apple did made a point with or at least tried to make a point with their approach with Apple Watch. Perhaps a watch device is actually are suitable as an accessories not an individual standalone gadgets. The more I think of the Apple Watch, it started to make bit of a sense. However it is also true that the Apple Watch right now does not seem to be perfect either. 

Family of Apple Devices

Family of Apple Devices


I think Apple had a reasonable start with an Apple Watch. It is not bad but nor great. Perhaps due to all the impact they made when they released a new device, this time the impact didn't hit me quite right. There's definitely room for improvements for Apple and they haven't got there yet. Apple can definitely get there. I believe the second Apple Watch will be the game maker for Apple's Watch series. 


Thoughts :: Blackberry Passport

Blackberry 9900

Blackberry 9900


Once Blackberry was harbringer of mobile devices. What happened now?

Many people will agree with the fact that Blackberry was once a phone which many people wanted to get. I can remember that many of my friends back in high school had Blackberries and many of them talked about how BBM was revolutionary.

However as soon as iPhone rolled out, the situation changed drastically. If you ask people, in fact anyone whether they still have a Blackberry, most of them will probably will respond in such manner: 'Does that thing still exists?'

Does that thing still exists?

Blackberry went through a hard time. As soon as iPhone rolled out, iPhone became the phone where everyone used and discussed about - basically everyone's attention was on iPhone. And one amazing thing that Apple did was they positioned themselves into consumers' heart, so permanently, that the first thing that comes up to people's mind is an iPhone when people talk about mobile devices.

On October 2014, Blackberry released a Blackberry Passport - a smartphone to compete with Apple's flagship phone, the iPhone. And as I first saw the Blackberry Passport, one thing came up to my mind straight away: 'Something big might be up'.

But it wasn't.

The Concept

The concept that Blackberry decided to integrate is it's name, 'Passport'. And that was a great move. The concept of passport instantly alarms the user the main functionality of Blackberry. At the very first glance I knew how this device should be used - a personal passport.

Blackberry Passport

Blackberry Passport


I was expecting the phone to act as my alternative to all my business related task where you could rely on Blackberry for taking notes, make memos, reminders, calendars, etc because when you think of passport, it reminds of yourself of doing professional work (mainly business related) as you have to travel alot by airplane. The kind of things that you expect to do as a business man. Taking its name literally, I also hoped that this phone might work as an actual subsitutue for a passport so that I don't have to carry the physical passport with me. Becoming the most intimate device to use for professional work. But that was not the case and I was still fine with it.

However as I explored deeper into the Blackberry Passport, things turned up not as I expected. Frankly, It was just ordinary phone, looking bit uncomfortable to use. To be brutal, I would just buy an iPhone as a consumer.

Now, what have Blackberry done wrong?

Well, I guess not 'wrong' but 'ineffective' and I personally think the problem was marketing.


What I wished Blackberry have done is to bring their marketing strategy back to its core. They made a phone with named 'Passport'. As soon as I heard that name, as a consumer, I saw the relationship of the Blackberry as a business-specialized phone. I actually think if Blackberry decides to specialize themselves to make phones for business-specialized (or even flight related etc), I think that will actually make them a big hit. A HUGE hit actually. Blackberry Passport could be something big.

The reasons for that is by doing so, it focuses the product into one thing, Business: For work, for utility, for productivity, for effectiveness. It allows the product to have a specific purpose for consumers to link the relationship of the product to Business. So when people want to find a deivce to help their office work, they can think of Blackberry straight away.

Apple has done superbly on Marketing regarding about branding - Apple implanted this concept which illustrates that Apple's product are products which are used by people who are game changers, revolutionary thinkers, innovators, people who change the world. It is considered a tool that helps people who changes the world. This brings this concept of when you use the device, it makes you feel special, as if you are one of the characters who changes the world.


I think Blackberry Passport has huge potential. But what I feel unfortunate is that they are not communicating with the consumers properly - making consumers unsure of when and how to use this device will definitely draw their attention away from purchases. I hope Blackberry starts to focus on it's core, including their philosophy of making phones. 'Why are they making phones? What are their reasons for their business?' And when Blackberry starts to tell their story to the world that whatever they are focusing on, whether it is a business related or not, is something that only they are good at. Then I think the consumers will at least have a chance to consider whether this phone is worth spending for.


Thoughts :: Its 21st Century and I am lucky


Its 21st century and I am lucky. We are living in the world of technology and digital media - the information age. Everything (well, I guess not everything but almost everything) is overwhelmed and deeply integrated with technological mechanism. The computer we use, the iPhone that we always text with. Technology has become something that we cannot live without - it became our life.

But the importance here is that we are here. Let me rephrase that again: We are here, at this very moment in the 21st century engulfed in the era of incredible times. Not a single time in human history have we experienced such dramatical development which radically changes our life. To put easily, it is a first time ever that the fantasy stories we always thought were fictional are actually becoming real. But not only that, its becoming real, fast.

It is a first time ever that the fantasy stories we always thought were fictional are actually becoming real

There are few main reasons that I am deeply appreciating the advancement of technology and the first one is: potential. The introduction of digital technology seems like unlimted amount of legos are gifted to a child. Now, that child now has a God given ability - we are able to create almost anything with it (could sound like minecraft). We now see countless possibilities of what we can do with this technology.

With code, we can build and craft the world digitally and reign, without harming anybody. In my personal opinion, this is incredible. And more incredible fact is that anyone in the world will be able to change the world, if they knew coding. The ability to effect the humanity in such intimate manner is one of the things that makes me feel greatful. I think that the ability and the privilages that we have now is immeasuable.

Our lives is changing radically with technology - companies like Google, Apple, et cetra are changing how we live. They have a vision in their mind what the future is like and they are making it real. It is no longer a joke. They are serious. It has never been so exciting to wait for what is awaiting for us in the future. Elon Musk once said:

And we need things in life that are exciting and inspiring. It canโ€™t just be about solving some awful problem. There have to be reasons to get up in the morning.
— Elon Musk, CEO of Tesla and Space X

There have to be reasons to get up in the morning.

Considering the priviIages we have, I think we should be thankful by the fact that we are living in this era, and it is our responsibility to develop this technology in a positive manner for the future generation - it is important to take this technology to the next level and let the next generation carry them on because those are the core values of why we should be developing the technology. I deeply respect the  advancement of technology in human history. I feel that it is important to carry on the core values of development of technology, which I believe to be: 'Enriching the life of human beings in a way that allows the human beings live and thrive with full potential'. A good example of a company which follows this core value could be Apple.

In a nutshell, I am extremely excited to see what is waiting for us and the fact that I, personally can play with what has given to us. Our potential is still dormant. And the potential we have inside us is beyond imaginable. This already proves that we shouldn't be sitting down with our backs, gazing and being satisfied with what we already have, but take risks and explore forward.

Now, let's go and make some reasons to get up in the morning.


Thoughts :: Swift


Since the moment I fell love with technology, I always wanted to learn how to code; I love making (anything), and coding seemed to be the way to make something in a digital medium with almost no restrictions. You can create anything (Almost anything).

Hence, eager to learn how to create my own universe, I dived straight into how to code C language. And as a result, it was difficult. Very difficult.

When I first saw the language I was confused by the fact that what does this function do and why on earth am I suppose to know this function? - How will it help me create the things that I want to make?

I was dubious. And like any other people in the world (expections to few) I starte to feel bored about learning how to code (learning C language). It was complicated. (I still don't know why we have to add return 0; and why I have to add main () in the very beginning. All so confusing).

However, I still wanted to learn how to code because of its potential and capabilities. Eventually I just closed my C language book that I bought in th bookstore and kept in somewhere (hoping to open it in close future, able to master C language by then).

Few months later, something came up to my mind - I wanted to build an app for iPhone. I had this sudden urge of making an iPhone app so I started to surf and search in google, 'how to make an iPhone app'. As expected, numerous sites popped up in the top search result. With much enthusiasm, I clicked it hoping the first very article to be my complete remedy for my concern. However, as you have expected, it wasn't.

They all (almost all) told me that I have to learn C Language and plus something called Objective-C (which was the actual language that is used till few months to create Applications for iOS devices).

I sighed, but had no choice and started learning C Languages again. It was boring (not as that boring as last time because I had a purpose of learning this language this time: I wanted to create an iPhone application) and still difficult. I was frustrated at one point and had no idea what the video was teaching me and peeked at Objective-C. Again hoping this time to be a gold mine. But this time, it was more difficult.






What is this.

I had to click backspace and gave a huge sigh, face facing down on my arms. I felt kind of devastated, although I knew that I will be able to learn the language one day, because I know I can do it. Just takes time. With almost no hope but to return to the basics of C language, something came across my eyes: iOS programming with Swift.


With dubious emotions, I dragged my pointer to the hyperlink and watched the first lesson.

I was mindblown. I never felt so easy and confident to code (expect HTML and CSS) for iOS application. This was the gold mine. And thanked Apple to make my life so much exciting. I am still in a position of learning the basics of Swift but so far, no problem. I was going through like a breeze, and now I can't wait till I get started on the next level.


The default screen of Swift


At that point, I started to understand the essence of C language, and Objective-C and why I felt to stuck in the head. The language was indeed an archane language. It was like learning latin while you want to learn how to speak english. Now with the fact that I am learning english, it made me feel like now I can relate it to latin. In other words, learning Swift made me more comprehensive with learning the C language and Objective-C.

I am still learning the basics. But I can't wait till I get to finish the foundation and start building the application. For anyone who is starting how to code (especially making an iOS app) I want to recomment Swift. Because there is a reason why Apple made a modern language before forcing you to learn the latin of programming language.


Beauty of Coding


Since December 2013, I started to learn a programming language due to my intense fascination of computer science and its collaboration with Art, design and technology.

I originally thought of learning computer security, however I realized that programming is a fundamental element that you need in order learn computer security, which made me decide to learn programming to begin with.

I decided to learn C language as it helps me to learn other language easily as well, such as C++ and Java, which, I heard, is other languages which is required or at least very helpful in order to learn computer security.

Starting with C

Learning a programming language is like learning a new language. Luckily the sets of rules (so far) was not that difficult to learn, and so far I was able to produce variety of programs for variety of purposes.

One thing I realized that most of the practices that I did was based on mathematical questions, writing codes to solve the maths problem. I cannot wait to see how I can apply this process to create something beyond the mathematical playground.

The Beauty of programming language

While I was learning how to do C language, I discovered that it all comes to logic and problem solving: There are sets of rules and questions, now you have to solve it - like a puzzle. 

I realized that this process require not just logical and critical thinking, but also creative and innovative thoughts to come up of solutions. Since there are unlimited number of solutions, the important thing is not whether you have solved it, but how you solved it.

This 'how' seems to be something that I was able to be fascinated and realize that creativity and artistic production does not only lies on art subjects, but also in mathematics and engineering.

The code below is one of the code that I found it beautiful, which represents a program to print the 'star: *' in pattern.


#include <stdio.h>

int main()

int i;
int j;
int k;

for(i=3; i>=0; i--)

for(j=3; j>i; j--)
printf(" ");

for(k=0; k<=i*2;k++)



return 0;



Although it may seem insignificant when we have a look at the output of this program, we realize that the aesthetic of this piece of code due to its relationship between each sentence and the functions, linked together. 

Learning coding is so far have been a great experience for me in both tackling new areas and able to enhance my creative thinking skills as coding requires the programmer to think creative as well.

Now I realize why some people say that mathematic equations are beautiful, and why programmers are often called artist and designers. Because they are. The difference is that they use codes and programming instead of paints and brushes.


Quote โˆฃ Jeremy Rifkin


Disclaimer: The quote which you will see in english is translated directly from me, since the english version of the quote could not be found.


About a year ago, I came across a book called '์ž๊ธฐํ˜๋ช…' which in english translates to 'Self Revolution'. Reading this book was one of the best reading experience I ever had in my life as this book attacked and questioned some of the most fundamental, yet extremely vital questions that our society should ponder.

While reading this book, I was able to find quite a number of amazing quotations and phrases which answered some of my questions that I was asking to our society. But there was one quote from Jeremy Rifkin that just blew my mind. Reading page 162 of this book, the quote was this:

์‚ฌํšŒํ•™์ž๋“ค์€ ์ง€๋‚œ 20๋งŒ ๋…„๊ฐ„์˜ ์ธ๋ฅ˜๋ฌธ๋ช… ๋ฐœ์ „์ด ๊ทธ๋™์•ˆ ์ด ๋•…์— ์‚ด์•„์˜จ ๋ชจ๋“  ์ธ๋ฅ˜์˜ ๋…ธ๋ ฅ์˜ ๊ฒฐ๊ณผ๋ผ๊ณ  ๋งํ•œ๋‹ค. ์ด๊ฒƒ์€ ๋ชจ๋“  ์ธ๋ฅ˜์˜ ๊ฒฝ์˜๋ฅผ ํ‘œํ•˜๋Š” ์šฐ์•„ํ•œ ์‹œ๊ฐ์ด์ง€๋งŒ ์ง„์‹ค์€ ์•„๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์ง€๊ธˆ๊นŒ์ง€ ๋ฌธ๋ช…๊ณผ ๋ฌธํ™”์˜ ๋ฐœ๋‹ฌ์€ 0.1 ํผ์„ผํŠธ์˜ ์ฐฝ์˜์  ์ธ๊ฐ„์ด ๋‹ค๋ฅธ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์€ ์ƒ๊ฐํ•˜์ง€ ๋ชปํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ์ƒ๊ฐํ•˜๊ณ , ๋‹ค๋ฅธ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์€ ๊ฟˆ๊พธ์ง€ ์•Š๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ๊ฟˆ๊พธ๋ฉฐ, ๋ชจ๋‘๊ฐ€ ๋ณด์ง€ ๋ชปํ•˜๋Š” ์–ด๋‘์šด ๊ณณ์— ๊นƒ๋ฐœ์„ ๊ฝ‚๊ณ  ์ด๊ณณ์ด ์ –๊ณผ ๊ฟ€์ด ํ๋ฅด๋Š” ์ƒˆ๋กœ์šด ๋•…์ด๋ผ๊ณ  ์™ธ์น˜๋ฉด, 0.9ํผ์„ผํŠธ์˜ ์•ˆ๋ชฉ์žˆ๋Š” ์ธ๊ฐ„๋งŒ์ด ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์„ ์•Œ์•„๋ณด๊ณ  ๊ทธ๋“ค๊ณผ ํ˜‘๋ ฅํ•˜๊ณ  ํ›„ํ›คํ•˜๋ฉฐ ์ƒˆ๋กœ์šด ๋ฌธ๋ช…์„ ๊ฑด์„คํ•œ ๊ฒฐ๊ณผ๋‹ค. ๋‚˜๋จธ์ง€ 99ํผ์„ผํŠธ๋Š” ์ด 1ํผ์„ผํŠธ๊ฐ€ ๋ชจ๋“  ๊ฒƒ์˜ ๊ธฐ์ดˆ๋ฅผ ๋‹ฆ๊ณ , ์ƒˆ๋กœ์šด ๊ณ„๋‹จ์„ ๋†“๊ณ  ๋‚œ ๋‹ค์Œ์—์•ผ ๋น„๋กœ์†Œ ๊ทธ ์œ„์— ์˜ฌ๋ผ์™€ ์„ธ์ƒ ์ฐธ ๋งŽ์ด ๋‹ฌ๋ผ์กŒ๋‹ค๋Š” ๊ฐํƒ„์‚ฌ๋ฅผ ์—ฐ๋ฐœํ•˜๋ฉฐ ๋˜๋‹ค์‹œ ๊ทธ๊ณณ์— ์•ˆ์ฃผํ•œ๋‹ค.
— ์ž๊ธฐํ˜๋ช…, p. 162 (์—”ํŠธ๋กœํ”ผ (Entropy) - ์ œ๋ ˆ๋ฏธ ๋ฆฌํ”„ํ‚จ)
Sociologists say that the development of human civilization for the past two hundred thousand years is a result due to all the effort made by all the human beings. This is an elegant perspective to express the respect to all human beings, however not the truth. The development of human civilization is the result of when the 0.1 percent of creative individual, thinking what humanity have never thought of, dreaming something that other people never dreamt about, putting a flag in a darkest places where humanity have never saw and shouts that this is the land that milk and honey flow, the other 0.9 percent of people with insights sees the value then co-operates and supports the 0.1 percent, finally creating a new civilization. After the 1 percent completed all the foundations and made the stairs for the new civilization, then the rest of 99 percent of humanity goes up the stairs and marvel that the world has changed so much and then again, settle down as they did before.
— Entropy, Jeremy Rifkin

I have to admit that this quote is absolutely beautiful; Jeremy Rifkin was able to condense something very fundamental and extremely true into one paragraph which described the process of development of human civilization in an elegant manner. We can make reference this quote to the world that we live in right now. Individuals such as Steve Jobs, Bill Gates, Elon Musk, Larry Page and Sergey Brin etc, all these figures are the 0.1 percent of creative individuals who have placed their flag and shouted out. And indeed the other 0.9 percent of humanity have recognized the value and invested which apparently changed our world into digital information era in the 21st century.

Recently, I was able to know who  Elon Musk is and the work he has achieved and doing at the moment. And I think this individual is one of the individuals who I found very inspiring and creative. I think he will, and already is, change the world and be considered as one of the individual in the 21st century who made contribution which starts the next generation of civilization of human development. 

Doing works such as Tesla, Space X, Paypal, Solar city, Elon Musk has achieved and working now surely hit me hard with a shock. But a different kind of shock, because I was thinking of doing something related to these categories of work but someone already started it. Considering the effect that his work will have an impact to the world will be phenomenal, and I consider him as the one of the individual who is the 0.1 percent from to the quote.

Many individuals of the 0.1 percent will be marked in a page in human history and new 0.1 percent will arise waiting to be written. I, as a person who is blessed to be able to live in a era where I am living with people such as Bill Gates, Elon Musk, Larry Page and Sergey Brin, am excited to see whats the next move, the next 'big thing' which will change the world. This, at least to me, is one of the thing worth living for.